Today we are going to talk about defragmenting the hard drive in Windows 10. It is an operation that is sometimes necessary to put an order in the mechanical hard drives that you usually write and rewrite regularly. Since operating systems such as Windows tend to leave fragments on them that over time can slow them down.
We are going to start by explaining what defragmenting the hard disk is and what it is for, mentioning exactly what types of disk it has to be done on. Then we will guide you through the process to defragment the hard drive of your Windows 10 computer.
Hard Drive Fragmentation
The files inside your computer are not complete pieces in themselves. Since a video, a photo or any other file is made up of small fragments that are saved on your hard drive.
Windows knows where they are and how to locate them, but as you use the hard disk writing and deleting files.
It may not always be able to sort them all correctly in close areas of the disk
This disorder makes the system have to work harder to find the fragments of files that may have been scattered on the disk.
Causing little by little and with the passage of time, the speed of the entire computer can suffer.
In this way, the team becomes less agile and may take longer to do some tasks.
This phenomenon is called fragmentation, and it is inherent in the file systems used on mechanical hard drives.
Defragmentation makes your computer go slower. its useful life is reduced, or there is more space occupied than it should because of those fragments that are left in different areas of the disk.
Therefore, defragmentation of storage drives is the task with which files are reorganized on hard drives. This has some advantages, such as:
- Make the computer go faster by having the fragments of the files organized and not having to search for them.
- Reclaim some hard drive space after tidying up.
- Get more out of the useful life of a hard drive, since sometimes if it goes bad we are likely to decide to buy another when the solution is much easier.
This happens only in mechanical hard drives or HDDs, while one of the advantages of solid-state drives or SSDs is that they do not suffer from fragmentation.
Related: use these Linux Commands as shortcuts which save lot of your time and money
This means that there is no need to defragment the SSDs.
In addition, other operating systems such as macOS do not tend to fragment mechanical disks as much, so it is not necessary to defragment hard disks on them either.
How to Defragment the Hard Drive in Windows 10
To enter the defragment application:
- Press the Windows 10 Start button
- In the search bar type defragment.
- When you do, click on the Defragment and optimize drives application that will appear as the main search result.
- You will go directly to the application to defragment the hard disk.
There is a second longer method to go to the defrag application.
- To do this you have to be in Windows File Explorer
- And, right-click on one of the disk drives.
- In the pop-up menu, click the Properties option.
Once in the hard disk properties, first choose the Tools tab
- Enter the tools related to controlling the hard disk.
- In them, go to the Optimize and defragment drive box
- Press the Optimize button.
- You will go to the defragmentation application, only with a longer path than looking for it directly in the start menu.
Once the defragment application is open, the first thing you have to do is:
- Click on the hard disk you want to defragment.
- Then, click on the Analyze button to first know what the state of the disk is.
- The application will show you the status of the disk in the Current Status column.
Disk Defragmentation & Drive Optimization as Fast As Possible
If the result does not convince you, click on the Optimize button to proceed to defragment the hard drive you have and voila, the program will automatically start the defragmentation process.